עברית Русский
 

2

 

 

, , . :

1: " " ( )

2: " " ( )

 

"". "".

"". "" " " "" .

 

( ) .

 

:

,

( = )


, :

( = -)

      * : " "

, .

"" ?

, .

 

(V1 - V2 ).

V3 .

-V3 -V2 :

V1

V2

V3

= to push

= pushed

pushed

\ = to lose

\ = lost

lost

= to put

= put

put

= to try

= tried

tried


  V3 :

V1

V2

V3

= to eat

= ate

eaten

= to give

= gave

given

= to take

= took

taken

= to forgive

= forgave

forgiven

= to write

= wrote

written

 

-V3 . . -V3 . .

 

.

 

- " ":

 

, :

" " = "People eat chicken everyday"

 

- " " () ( "").

 

, (V3) . . -V3 :

" " = "Chicken is eaten everyday"  ("eaten"= V3 "to eat")

 

"" ( ).

( "is") -V3.

 

:

" " = "He writes letters every week"

" " = "Letters are written by him every week"

 

. .

( = written by him).

"by" (" ", "" "") .

 

- " ":

 

- " " "were" - "was".

 

" " = "I gave it to you yesterday"

" " = "It was given to you yesterday"

 

" " = "They pushed someone down the stairs"

" (: ) " = "They were pushed down the stairs"

 

-V2 -V3 "to push" () . ( "were") , ("" "").

  

- " ":

 

- " " -"will be".

 

" " = "I will take him to the hospital"

" " = "He will be taken to the hospital by car"

* -"" 'a'

 

" " = "She will forgive you eventually"

" (: ) " = "You will be forgiven eventually"

*

 

- " ":

 

- " " "is", "are", "am" "being".

 

" " = "I am painting the house yellow"

" " = "The house is being painted yellow"

 

" " = "The neighbor is shouting at the kids in the street"

" " = "The kids are being shouted at in the street"

* ("at" "shout")

 

, " " " .." .

 

:

" " = "I saw him dragging a heavy sack"

 

"" "" -"" ().

, :

" " = "I saw a heavy sack being dragged by him"

 

! :

"" "" =  "to sound"

"" "" = "to break"

 

, :

" " = "The vase broke"  (broke = V2 "to break")

" " = "I broke the vase"

" (: )" = "You sound different"

" ! !" = "Sound the alarm! We are being attacked!"

 

:

" " = "You are sounded different"

 

==>   <== 

 
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