עברית Русский
 

1 ( ')

 


" ".

" " .

 

- " " " ":

    :

    " " ( )

    " " ( )

   

    " " ( )

   

    " () "

   

    " "

    ,

    " ' " " '"

   

    " "

 
:

1.      (: , , ) -" " -" ".

2.      (: , , , ) -" ".

.

 

- " " (V3) "have" ( I, You, We, They) "has" ( He, She , It).

 

:

" " = "I have given you my answer"  ("given"= V3 "to give")

" " = "He has done enough for us"  ("done"= V3 "to do")

 

, -" ":


We found it yesterday""

" "

"We have found it!"

" !" ( )

"I started a business in 1998"

" - 1998"

"I have started a business"

" (: ) " ( )

"He did it last week"

" "

"He has done it many times"  

" " ( )


 
- " " : (already), (recently), (always), (finally) .

have ( has) :

 

" ()  " = "I have just eaten lunch"

" " = "She has always admired you"

" ()" = "We have never done this before"

"already" :

" " = "He has given you an answer already"

 

"to be" () "been".   :

"I was here two days ago"

" "

"I have been here before"

" "

"You were nice to me the other day"

" "

"You have been nice to me all this time"

" "

"There was an accident"

" "

"There has been an accident"  

" " ( )

"He was gone in an instant"

" "

"He has been gone for some time now"

" " ( )

      * "to be gone" = (: )

  

- " " "been" "to" :

"\ " = "I have been to London once"

" \ " = "He has never been to Paris"

 

"have" "has": (have to) \ (to have) -V2 - V3 "had". - " " . :

\

"I had the same dream last night"

" () "

"I have had the same dream 3 times in the past"

" 3 "

"I had to lie to get what I wanted"

" " ( )

"I have had to lie before"

" (: ) "



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